Difference between Prostate Enlargement and Prostate Cancer

Prostate Enlargement

The prostate is affected by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. Below a man’s bladder is a walnut-sized gland called the prostate. It creates the fluid component of sperm. The prostate completely envelops the urethra, and this tube transports urine out of the body from the bladder.

In both benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer, the prostate gland enlarges. BPH is benign, and this indicates that it is not cancer and cannot spread. The cancer of the prostate can spread to other regions of the body.

BPH and prostate cancer are both prevalent. One in seven men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, and one in two men in their 50s will develop benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

What are the different signs of both prostate enlargement and prostate cancer?

BPH and prostate cancer share similar symptoms, making it difficult to distinguish between the two illnesses. The urethra is compressed as the prostate expands for any reason, and this pressure prevents urine from exiting the body through the urethra. Typically, prostate cancer symptoms do not manifest until the tumour has grown large enough to impinge on the urethra.

The indicative signs of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):

● A strong urge to urinate

● Multiple urges to urinate throughout the day and night

● Inability to initiate urination or the need to exert force to expel urine.

● Insufficient or dribbling urine flow

● Intermittent urination

The indicative signs of prostate cancer:

● Stinging or burning urinary passages

● Blood in urination

● Difficulty obtaining an erection

● Painful ejaculation

● There is less fluid when you ejaculate.

● Blood in your semen

Often, pain in the hips and back is caused by the spread or compression of cancer on the spinal cord, and BPH sufferers usually do not have this symptom. With BPH, the enlarging prostate narrows the urethra, causes hypertrophy of the bladder, and impedes the normal flow of urine, which is why BPH symptoms are primarily associated with urination.

Additionally, some people have a healthy prostate, which indicates a nodule or tumour. Since nodules and tumours can be benign and malignant, a hard prostate could mean cancer, but it could simply be prostate stones.

Chronic inflammation or BPH generates obstructions that form prostate stones around or within the gland. Consult a famous urologist in Coimbatore if you want to undergo prostate treatment.

What can cause both conditions?

The prostate enlarges typically as a man ages. Doctors are unaware of the actual cause of this development, and changing hormone levels could trigger it.

All cancers begin when cells begin to proliferate out of control. Changes to DNA, the genetic material that regulates cell growth, cause cancer. Changing DNA can be passed down from parents. Alternately, these alterations may evolve. Prostate treatment cost may depend on the type of treatment recommended. 

Understanding the standard procedures to diagnose the condition:

You’ll consult a specialist called a urologist to diagnose BPH or prostate cancer. Many of the same diagnostic procedures identify both of these disorders.

Prostate-specific antigen test:

This blood test detects the protein PSA produced by the prostate gland. The prostate produces more of this protein as it enlarges. A high PSA score can only indicate that the prostate has expanded to the physician. It cannot determine whether you have BPH or prostate cancer, and further analysis of the condition will be required to confirm the diagnosis.

Digital rectal exam:

Your physician will put a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum. This test might reveal whether your prostate is swollen or formed improperly. More testing will be required to determine whether you have BPH or prostate cancer. Reach out to the prostate cancer surgery in Coimbatore to get rid of the condition.

Here are the various options to treat BPH:

● Transurethral prostate excision eliminates only the core portion of the gland.

● Small incisions are made in the prostate through the urethra to allow urine to pass through it.

● Utilizing radio waves, transurethral needle ablation eliminates excess prostate tissue.

● Utilizing laser light, laser benign prostatic hyperplasia treatment removes extra prostate tissue.

● Only when the prostate is exceedingly significant is an open prostatectomy performed. The surgeon incurs the lower abdomen and removes the prostate through the wound.

Here are the options that are available to treat prostate cancer:

Active observation or watchful waiting: 

You are not immediately treated. Instead, your physician monitors your symptoms and conducts periodic DRE and PSA tests to detect cancer growth. A radical prostatectomy is a surgical treatment that removes the prostate gland and surrounding tissue.

Radiation therapy:

● High-energy X-rays are used to eradicate prostate cancer with radiation therapy. You are exposed to radiation from an external machine. Or, it might be administered by small radioactive pellets or seeds implanted within the prostate.

● This treatment utilizes extreme cold to destroy prostate tissue.

● You take medication to block the male hormones that drive the development of prostate cancer.

How often is screening recommended?

If you have been diagnosed with BPH or prostate cancer, see your doctor often for follow-up care. Although routine prostate cancer screening is not suggested, you may choose to undergo a DRE or PSA test based on your age and risk factors. Ask your doctor if you should undergo screening and what tests you should undergo.

The symptoms of BPH should get better with treatment. It’s possible that to keep your symptoms from reappearing, you’ll need to either continue using the treatment you’ve been using or try something new. Surgical treatment for benign enlargement of the prostate may be an option. The most significant factor in selecting whether to undergo surgery is the severity of your symptoms.

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