Women enjoy a wonderful experience when pregnant, but spending hours at the doctor’sdoctor’s clinic can make them feel heartbreaking. They may think they have to collect lots of information about pregnancy and make several decisions on which tests to perform without having any financial burden on them. Though drawing blood can often be pretty stressful, it is necessary to know that some private pregnancy blood tests are required to save the mother and baby’s life.
Please go through this blog post to learn about the lists of tests women should conduct when they are pregnant.
The first test begins much before conception by conducting a carrier genetic screening. This helps to identify whether the parent may become a carrier for probable severe genetic disorders. Some common conditions include – sickle cell disease, Tay-Sachs disease, Tay-Sachs disease, and cystic fibrosis. Sometimes parents may be carriers without showing any symptoms though they can pass on the gene for that disorder to their children. Now, if the mother is not a carrier, the father may not test, but when both partners seem to be carriers, there is a chance for the baby to get it.
The ”CBC” is an actual test before conception or during early pregnancy. This measures several factors in your blood, such as the number of red and white blood cells you have. Crucial indicators in CBC test results are haemoglobin, platelet count and hematocrit. Haemoglobin is a protein in your blood that delivers oxygen to the cells, and hematocrit is a measure of red blood cells in the body. Anaemia results when either of the counts is low, and the doctor addresses it. The platelets help in blood clots and are critical as they ensure blood loss during pregnancy may not exceed the average level. If the count is abnormally low, the doctor should conduct further tests to resolve the issue.
Early pregnancy tests during the first trimester
The Rhesus or Rh factor test detects a protein on the surface of red blood cells. Nearly 85% of people are Rh positive as it denotes the presence of protein. Still, when you lack protein, and the father already has it, there might be complications as the child can inherit Rh-positive blood from the father. The result would be the baby’sbaby’s blood mixing with the mother’smother’s and maternal immune system attacking the baby’sbaby’s blood. This may lead to a condition in your child known as hemolytic anemia.
Screening for sexually transmitted diseases such as – syphilis, herpes, HIV/AIDS, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and hepatitis B and C should be done early. STDs can be the reason for a wide range of complications for your baby other than the transmission of the disease. This includes – early delivery, eye infections from chlamydia and gonorrhea, or extreme consequences such as – stillbirth or miscarriage. In the case of hepatitis B, when the virus spreads early during a pre-pregnancy check-up in the UK, there is little chance for the disease to transmit to the baby. Suppose it gets contracted later during pregnancy, the transmission rate increases to nearly 90 percent. It is possible to treat gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis with antibiotics. This is a safe choice for the baby.
Testing at eight weeks
The immunity towards the Rubella virus is vital to determine at the time of pregnancy as a baby affected by German measles may have various congenital disabilities, such as hearing and sight abnormalities and congenital heart defects. The test can be administered before conception or after eight weeks of the onset of your pregnancy. It is advisable to take the necessary vaccination before you get pregnant, failing which you get a vaccination for Rubella after childbirth. Another famous test to perform between 8 to 13 weeks is what you call Chromosomal Microarray called CMA.
Testing at 10-12 weeks
It is advisable to test for CVS above 35 years and know whether you have chromosomal abnormalities. This test includes withdrawing chorionic fluid for an ultrasound with a needle and enabling chromosomal testing eight weeks before amniocentesis. But the CVS test cannot detect neural tube defects like spina bifida, which can be detected through amniocentesis. It also carries a greater risk (1%) of miscarriage than amniocentesis.
Testing in the 12th week
Other than checking for the developing heartbeat of your baby, a fetal ultrasound test can help discover the baby’sbaby’s gestational age in planning prenatal care and expecting the delivery date. It helps locate the fetus to ensure it is situated in the uterus, which denotes a dangerous condition called an ectopic pregnancy. Fetal ultrasounds help to confirm that the baby is growing correctly and does not have any fetal abnormalities. It enables expecting parents to know if they can have one or several births.
Testing at 16 weeks
Amniocentesis is usually performed at 16 to 20 weeks of pregnancy to detect chromosomal abnormalities. This is generally for women above 35 years, as the chances of chromosomal abnormality may increase greatly at that age. The method uses a needle for an ultrasound to extract amniotic fluid, which evaluates genetic defects. This is particularly neural tube defects leading to congenital disabilities due to unusual spinal cord, brain development, or their coverings.
Testing at 20 weeks of pregnancy
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is usually found in fetal blood, amniotic fluid, and mother’smother’s blood. Neural tube defects denote abnormal AFP levels that necessitate the ultrasound analysis of the baby’sbaby’s spine. The abnormal levels indicate certain complications at the later stage, like stillbirth. This is usually a part of multiple marker screening. So, multiple marker screening is available in two varieties: the triple screen test and the quad screen test. While triple marker screen identifies three substances in fetal blood or placenta, which are – alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), estriol, and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), quad screen detects inhibin A (Inh-A) along with three substances in the triple net.
The combination of these test results from the screens with factors such as the mother’smother’s age, ethnicity, and weight will enable the doctors to assess probabilities of developing neural tube defects such as – Spina Bifida or anencephaly, Down’sDown’s Syndrome.
As the tests deliver high false positives, the doctor might suggest conducting further tests such as amniocentesis. A Sonogram may help to know whether the pregnancy can explain the results correctly.
Testing at 28 weeks
A glucose test for diabetes can be done at almost 28 weeks of pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition that affects 2 to 5% of all pregnant women when insulin does not break down enough glucose in their blood. There is an approximate 30% chance that you have developed this condition when the Glucose Challenge Test result is positive. The doctor will then conduct a glucose tolerance test.
If you have gestational diabetes, he will create a diet chart and ask you to exercise regularly with an insulin-supplementation plan. It is possible to solve the condition after childbirth. This enables the determination of several states by testing urine samples like protein in the urine. It denotes kidney infection, bacteria for urinary tract infection, and ketones for dehydration.
Testing at 36 weeks
The Group B Streptococcus test can be performed at 36 weeks to know if the mother is a Strep B carrier so that antibiotics may be administered to lessen the risk of infection to the baby during birth. Nearly 25% of healthy women have tested positive for Strep B, and when the test result is positive, there is a chance that the baby may contract the disease at the time of birth.
This might probably lead to severe conditions such as – meningitis, sepsis, and pneumonia. The intravenous administration of antibiotics will reduce the risk to one in 4000. This is mainly for the woman whose water breaks in more than 18 hours before delivery, has a fever during labor, goes into labor early, or has a history of giving birth to a baby who already has the disease.
Testing blood pressure
The doctor will evaluate blood pressure for a condition known as preeclampsia due to high pressure. He performs tests for urine and blood, and the state denotes low platelet count in the blood and the presence of protein in the urine. Preeclampsia may affect nearly 7 percent of pregnant women when they become first-time mothers and those who carry several children. It is due to a rise in blood pressure during pregnancy blood tests in London, which happens in the late-term and may have severe health risks for both mother and child, like lack of blood flow to your placenta.
But high pressure won’twon’t confirm preeclampsia and should verify with protein in the urine. It is essential to check the child’schild’s heart rate during labor and restrict the flow of oxygen to the fetus. This causes a change in the heart rate of the baby during their birth. Any change outside the normal range means the baby is not getting oxygen, necessitating the need for corrective steps.
Thus, though the array of tests to perform during pregnancy might be confusing, it is essential to stay informed about the baby’s health condition and assess its overall situation. All the tests outlined above will provide a complete checklist for expectant mothers, but it is a good idea to consult with your gynecologist at a private clinic for pregnancy near me who will take your family record into account before suggesting specific tests that you will have to perform to protect your and your child’s health.